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Rabu, 09 April 2008

Kalimat ora Langsung alias Ngulang Omongane Wong

Kalimat TIDAK LANGSUNG (REPORTED SPEECH)

Berikut adalah perubahan tenses dari kalimat langsung menjadi kalimat tidak langsung

QUOTED SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH
(a) She said, "I eat fried rice everyday." > She said (that) she ate fried rice
everyday.
(b) She said, "I am eating fried rice now." > She said she was eating fried rice
that time.
(c) She said, "I have eaten fried rice." > She said she had eaten fried rice.
(d) She said, "I ate fried rice yesterday." > She said she had eaten fried rice
the day before.
(e) She said, "I will eat fried rice." > She said she would eat fried rice.
(f) She said, "I am going to eat fried rice." > She said she was going to
eat fried rice.
(g) She said, "I can eat fried rice." > She said she could eat fried rice.
(h) She said, "I may eat fried rice." > She said she might eat fried rice.
(i) She said, " I must eat fried rice." > She said she had to eat fried rice.
(j) She said, "I have to eat fried rice." > She said she had to eat fried rice.
(k) She said, "I should eat fried rice." > She said she should eat fried rice.
(l) She said, "I ought to eat fried rice." > She said she ought to eat fried
rice.
(m) She said, "I don't eat fried rice." > She said she didn't eat fried rice.

Perhatikan untuk kalimat imperative (perintah), kalimat perintah berubah menjadi invinitive (to + Verb I / k.k dasar). Tell (told) digunakan sebagai pengganti Say (said). Dan kata TELL langsung diikuti kata ganti (me).

(n) She said, "Eat fried rice!" > She told me to eat fried rice.
(o) she said, " Don't eat fried rice!" > She told me (asked me) NOT to
eat fried rice.

Untuk kalimat tanya YES/NO Question kita menggunakan kata Ask not say or tell and we use IF or WHETHER.

(p) She said, " Do you eat fried rice?" > She asked me if I ate rice.
(q) She said, " Do you have any money?" > She asked if I had some money.
(r) She said, " Are you hungry?" > She asked (me) if I was hungry.
> She asked (me) whether I was
hungry.
Untuk WH Question

(s) She said, "Where do you live?" > She asked me where I lived.
"Do you live in a boarding house?" > She asked me if I lived in a
boarding house.
Dedicated by @moet'07
To be continued…………

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